Pick a topic that everyone is currently discussing. Pay attention to the rumours. Select a question an answer to which is still unknown to many people.
Looking at this scene, one would never guess that the countries that are among the top 10 in student performance have some of the strongest teachers unions in the world. Are those unions in some way different from American teachers unions?
Do unions elsewhere behave differently from American teachers unions when challenged to do what is necessary to improve student performance? To explore these questions, I compare teachers and their unions in Ontario, Canada and Finland with their U.
In the United States, the modern labor union grew out of bitter strife between workers and owners in the early years of the 20th century. The Wagner Act, passed inguaranteed workers the right to organize and strike.
Modern labor relations date from the Taft-Hartley Act, which modified the Wagner Act mainly by defining the rights of employers in the framework it had provided. These laws applied only to workers in the private sector. The Wagner and Taft-Hartley Acts reflected the mass-production systems that the United States embraced more fully than any other industrial nation.
In this arrangement, management figured out how the work was going to get done; workers were regarded as interchangeable; and skilled craftsmanship was minimized.
And because the work was largely unskilled, pay was low. The Wagner and Taft-Hartley Acts gave workers the right to organize to bargain for wages and working conditions. They also obligated the unions to defend their members against management when conflicts arose.
The assumption was that the relationship between the union and management would be adversarial; the laws provided the rules under which that adversarial relationship would be conducted. Courts later ruled that the unions and management could not collaborate. In northern Europe at that time, the mass-production system was not so widely embraced, the era of the craftsman did not abate, and work was less routinized and rule-bound than in the United States.
After World War II, management and owners in many Western European countries wanted to deny communism any opportunity to gain ground among workers, and so they gave labor a seat at the table. In many countries, the law also provided for work councils made up of workers elected by their peers at the firm level to adjust the national agreement to local conditions.
Indeed, in countries with labor parties in Europe today, it is not unusual for the labor party, when in power, to put a brake on wage growth in order to forestall inflation, or to resist calls for more benefits when productivity growth does not justify increased benefits.
In many European countries, by law, workers sit on the boards of directors of major firms.
When that happens, workers sometimes offer to hold wages steady or even reduce them if management agrees to invest the savings in capital or in research and development.
Workers understand that if the firm cannot make the investments required to be more competitive, it may resort to layoffs. Senior European executives are often puzzled when their American counterparts talk about a desire to greatly weaken or even eliminate trade unions.
They view the unions as an instrument for giving a voice to a key sector of the society. They generally believe that if labor were not provided a voice through the union, it might eventually become a direct threat to democratic capitalism.
The American Federation of Teachers AFTfounded inhad always been a union, but it was much smaller, and not particularly militant. In the racial battles of the era, teachers were sometimes made the target of public anger in a way that was unprecedented and seemed quite threatening.
As a result, the AFT became appealing to many teachers to whom it had not been before. The NEA shed those members who were not classroom teachers and traded its identity as a professional organization for a new one as a trade union. The newly energized teachers unions appealed to the AFL-CIO for help in getting state legislatures to pass laws that put teachers on much the same footing as those in unions representing workers in the private sector.
The AFL-CIO was stronger then than it is now, and the teachers could put more feet on the ground in legislative political campaigns than any other single constituency.A role model is a teacher who puts a larger emphasis on the ethical issues trying to develop basic human values in students, rather than to equip them with extensive knowledge and skills.
The role of a teacher is of great importance not only in his/her classroom but in society in general. He/She is responsible to communicate and transfer to the next generation the intellectual traditions and technical skills of his/her generation.
In doing so, the teacher ensures the survival of man and its civilisation. English language classes usually require a lot of writing. When you're a middle school student, you don't feel the pressure. But high school and college students are assigned complex topics.
Banting Memorial High School is a Grade 9 - 12 public high school located in Alliston, Ontario. We are a part of the Simcoe County District School Board.
Click on the () to get the detailed assignment sheet and a list of topics to be covered for each unit of study. Click on the to go to a page filled with extensive web links to sites and many primary source documents for that unit of study.
Roles and Responsibilities and Boundaries of a Teacher Essay Words | 6 Pages. Roles and responsibilities and boundaries of a teacher This assignment is aimed to highlight the Roles and responsibilities of a teacher and the importance for a teacher to be aware of the legal aspects of teaching inclusively and to follow all current legislation and codes using the teaching/training cycle, a cycle of .